Drugs of plant origin
Among all traditional medicine drugs of plant origin are the most popular, especially drugs derived from plants . Eastern wisdom says that “there is no such plant that was not medicinal, there is no disease that cannot be cured by the plant.”
The first record of medicinal plants belong to the Sumerians, who lived in Asia for 3000 years BC. The treatment plants was widespread in Ancient Egypt, there for 4000 years BC, were well known medicinal properties of castor bean, acacia, henbane, Flaxseed, Maca, mint, plantain, willow and many other plants.
In depth of centuries history out of herbal treatments in China, India, Japan, Korea, Laos, Vietnam, the Arab East, Central Asia and America. Traditional medicine is not an isolated phenomenon in one country or one continent, it is the product of the wisdom of all mankind. But due to different climatic conditions, the plant world each nation has accumulated its own experience of healing and its own set of medicinal plants.
In Russia herbs were used long ago. The study of many written monuments shows that the herbal treatment on the territory of Russia led by the Scythians, who lived in the Northern black sea from the Dniester to the don (VII century BC – I century ad).The experience of the Scythians through the generations of ants took over the Magi. With the introduction of Christianity herbal treatments have become involved clergy, who catered mainly for wealthy people, but the people treated healers, herbalists.
A great event for, the time was the appearance of the book, “Izbornik Grand Prince Svyatoslav Yaroslavovych” (1073), which was given a description of plants growing in Russia and the most commonly used for treatment. With the spread of literacy, the experience of traditional medicine of oral heritage was transported into the book. Preserved copy of the Russian medical book “Masi”, the originator of which was the granddaughter of Vladimir Monomakh-Eupraxia, which is a separate Chapter devoted to external diseases with the inclusion of oral diseases (S. Ya. Sokolov, I. P. zamotaev, 1984).
Herbal treatment is becoming a state affair. In 1581 the king of All Russia Ivan IV ordered to open the first pharmacy for the service of the Royal court, and in the same year the king’s command was founded the Pharmaceutical house, a duty which included the gathering of medicinal plants on the lands of the Rus.
Especially wide dissemination of the collection and use of medicinal plants adopted under Peter I, who sowed his own herbs in his garden. By decree of Peter I in Moscow was organized by eight private pharmacies, and in 1714 was created herb garden, which the king very proud. Since medicinal plants are firmly established in official medicine. The experience of folk medicine is studied at all levels of medical science, and many medicinal herbs become a full-fledged means of treatment. Famous scientists, statesmen, generals, explorers and practitioners of the Russian state paid great attention to the healing properties of herbs used by the common people.
A. T. Bolotov (1738-1833), M. V. Lomonosov (1711-1765), Igor Shuvalov (1727-1797), I. I. Lepekhin (1740-1802), S. P. Krasheninnikov (1711 -1755), N. M. Maksimovich-Ambodyk (1744 – 1812), A. V. Suvorov (1730-1800), M. I. Kutuzov (1745-1813) gave the plant an extremely large value as a therapeutic and preventive tool, has contributed to their widespread adoption in the masses.
A. V. Suvorov in order for Finnish corps in 1792, when in the army there is great morbidity and mortality from scurvy, dysentery and other intestinal diseases, stated: “. 12th) soldier laxative rhubarb and the sorrel root conewago too. 19-e) precautions for the climate: cabbage, horseradish, tobacco, summer grass; berries in due time, the ripe, in moderation, who are healthy.” He later wrote: “Strict observance of soldiers’ health. through sour cabbage, tobacco, horseradish and no scurvy (scurvy), and more with the purity”.
M. I. Kutuzov in the order the troops of the Moldavian army in 1808, about the preventive measures against scurvy prescribed: “. the use of different acidic sorrel and herbs to brew a soldier’s will contribute to the prevention of scorbutic diseases. I also recommend that gentlemen heads tried kvas school for soldiers as their about the drink that acid will serve with his very for protection from scurvy” (R. E. Alt-Shuler, Military.-honey. journal, 1950).
A great admirer and promoter of traditional medicine was Professor F. I. Inozemtsev (1802-1869), who proved the need for more use in the practice of medicine folk remedies. He wrote: “Sometimes we move from scientific empiricism of folk, which zaputannyh in the treatment of diseases has brought us undeniable benefits”.
S. P. Botkin (1832-1889) paid great attention to the study of the working of medicinal herbs.
The study of active substances of medicinal plants also continues in our time. To do this, in many parts of our country has established a dedicated experimental station for growing medicinal plants, which are managed by all-Union scientific research Institute of medicinal plants (VILR). The Institute is a center for the study of new medicinal plants, study of folk medicine experience and development of herbal remedies. Currently, the Arsenal of scientific medicine is continuously updated with new drugs, as borrowed from folk Medicine, and first obtained from plants.
Over the past two or three decades become popular juices from fresh plants, fruits and berries. It is believed that the juice have more action on the organs and systems that are more bactericidal, contain more vitamins and minerals compared to the decoctions and infusions.
The most often recommended to receive the juice of the birch, maple, spruce, pine, apples, pomegranate, lemon, pumpkin, strawberry, cranberry, cowberry, cranberry, nettle, plantain, celandine, mother and stepmother, yarrow, motherwort, cabbage, horseradish, radish, carrot, spinach, beet, potatoes and other plants. The best juice is the juice made with your own hands.