Folk medicine in a person’s life
In modern society most people are in varying degrees faced with medicine and different means of treating diseases. From the first attempts to treat the person used for these purposes, a huge number of different means, search which was never broken. Some of them have disappeared from the Arsenal of medicine as ineffective and were replaced by more sophisticated, others like the rendering on the body along with the positive and negative impacts, others have survived to the present day. Plants have been used by people throughout the history of its development.
The use of plants for the treatment at all widespread in the animal world. Described numerous cases of healing animals by eating different herbs and plants. Some of these observations were valuable to humans. So, in ancient Arabic manuscripts describes how Ethiopian shepherds noticed goats who started lively jump and frolic after eating the leaves of coffee bushes. As a result of verification of this observation it was established a stimulating effect not only leaves, but also coffee bean. Currently the coffee beverage is so widely spread and popular, that there is no need to dwell on the advantages (and disadvantages) of its use.
Leuzea carthamoides, currently used in medicine as a tonic and ioniziruyushchego, among the peoples of Siberia and is also called maral root. Hunters have repeatedly observed, as tired from chasing the deer eat the stems and roots of Rhaponticum, then run away. In the far Eastern taiga of Primorye deer and other wildlife readily eat hard leaves of the shrub Eleutherococcus. This unusual behavior caused the assumption that animals are treated. Indeed, a careful study of Eleutherococcus carried out, in particular, I. I. Brahmana, led to the discovery he expressed tonic and adaptogenic properties. Buryat hunters claim that the wounded deer readily eat red carnation, which resulted in them very quickly to stop bleeding from wounds. As a hemostatic agent, cloves are still used in folk medicine.
Wild and domestic animals eat plants with anthelmintic properties, such as, wormwood. In Buryatia for the treatment of sheep worming them periodically expel on a pasture, where it grows Tugan-Roma. In Transcaucasia claim that Himalayan black bears for the same purpose eat the flowers of the rhododendron. Apparently this treatment and described the great Soviet writer and naturalist N. And. Sladkov: “Chewing bear flowers with disgust, ottopyrivaya his lips, choking, spitting, but swallowing”. How people discovered the healing properties of plants, we, of course, just can’t install. There is no doubt that the path to knowledge of herbs has been long and arduous.
The formation of the human species started in the woods among the plants that first attracted the attention of the people. The main food for primitive man was fruits, stems, roots and rhizomes of herbaceous plants. Along with food plants were discovered and drug. Such discoveries were accidental. As a result of multiple repetition of therapeutic action of individual plants people began to understand the connection between the coming relief of suffering and the use of any tools. He memorized useful plants and, if necessary, used them. “In all likelihood, all nutritious, exciting and healing properties of the most unattractive plants in each country were first discovered by the savages, who were guided by spousal extreme necessity, gone through countless similar experiences, and acquired into practice the knowledge passed on to each other and to posterity by word of mouth,” wrote Charles Robert Darwin (1809 – 1882). The information on medicinal or toxic properties of plants was passed from generation to generation and for many centuries has accumulated in the people is joined in the experience of folk medicine.
There is no doubt that medicinal plants were the first medicines that are deliberately introduced by people. In primitive society the art of healing, apparently, owned the entire adult population, and therefore it becomes clear why Ivan Petrovich Pavlov (1849 -1936) in the history of medicine, wrote about the doctors: “Their activity is as ancient as the first man. it would be unfair to consider the history of medicine in writing of his period.”
Studying the history of application of medicinal plants, a well-known specialist in this field Nina G. Kovalev made a surprisingly accurate conclusion. the first physician on the ground was phytotherapist. And to be almost exclusively clinical herbalist man had for hundreds of years, as animal food for a long time remained incidental addition to the vegetable, and therefore he was not able to reliably detect its healing properties. Even in the period of the appearance of writing, as evidenced by the records, most medicines were of plant origin.
“The treatment plant is not far-fetched, invented method of treatment. Successful use of plants for therapeutic purposes is a natural process, directly deriving from the conditions of development of the human body. Therefore, not only primitive man, but sick animals who are guided by the instinct of self-preservation, found in these natural surroundings needed by the plant, sometimes paying with their lives for a failed search,” writes N. G. Kovalev.
The collection of plants, preparation of medicines and treatment of sick required a lot of time, knowledge and experience. Therefore, the development of society, information of a medical nature were concentrated in certain individuals. In ancient times they were, as a rule, Ministers of religion – shamans, priests, etc. later appeared the medical profession. However, information about the useful properties of medicinal plants are used not only by scientific medicine, and they now live in the nation, handed down from generation to generation. And knowledge about that wonderful tool that stops bleeding from small cuts, is the plantain, and with “night blindness” you need to eat carrots, plum and prune poslabljajut, and the cherry clips and much more, we get before, as a rule, not from the doctor, from their loved ones. Scientific and folk medicine do not contradict but complement and enrich each other.