How to recognize and treat coronavirus in cats?
Coronaviruses are very common pathogens of quite serious diseases (unfortunately, often with fatal outcome) in animals. Coronavirus in cats is known for two diseases that cause these viruses: feline infectious peritonitis and feline coronavirus enteritis. Coronavirus enteritis (feline enteric coronavirus, FECV) and infectious peritonitis virus (feline infectious peritonitis virus FIPV), as we know, are related strains of the same virus. Man they are completely harmless.
FECV infects most often the mucous membrane of the small intestine of cats and can cause diarrhea, diarrhea. Most perceive this virus kittens after one or two months of life. The disease usually starts with vomiting, then in diarrhoea, which lasts 2-4 days, after which recovery occurs. But long cats remain a carrier of the virus, which comes out with faeces and can infect other animal, especially if they have a common toilet.
In veterinary clinics and laboratories identified a sufficient number of techniques to study and identify KVK infection:
IHA and ELISA blood, serum or plasma – determining the presence of antibodies to this virus. The analysis gives a positive result in the presence in the body of pathogens, but it will not give information about where to find this virus, and it can be kishechnike in the soft tissues.
IHA and MPs Cala identifying and locating the virus in the feces analysis. The analysis can be positive when excretion of virus in faeces. Is a direct signal that the cat at this point can be a threat to surrounding cats. But a negative result cannot completely eliminate the possibility of the emergence of the virus and its periodic determination.
PCR blood, serum or plasma is the elimination of genome of viruses in the body of a cat. Interpretation of results can be difficult, because even healthy animals may give positive results in ICC, and infected animals may give a negative result.
The titer of antibodies and feline coronavirus in the serum. Only this analysis can give us information on the development of infection and its presence. The number of antibodies the doctor can conclude that the severity of infection or positive outcome.
Some of these tests — rapid tests, rapid tests, are mostly used directly in clinics. They are used to test cats that had contact with the infected, to be able to determine whether the infection. Also, the share of animals that are free of the virus. However, as a rule, require repeated sessions for the study.
How much do you think it is easy to treat this disease?
The causes of infection and routes of transmission
During the research it was found that FECV is constantly in the intestine of some of the members of the cat while in “sleep mode”. Under favorable conditions the virus it takes an aggressive form or not and causes a strong inflammation of the intestine, or even a mutation in vysokokonkurentnyj strain of FIPV. The disease is diagnosed in young cats that have not reached two years, even in individuals who are older than 11-12 years. There are cases studies of individuals who are immune to the virus. Why this happens is unknown. Perhaps this is due to genetic peculiarities.
Cats can become infected with coronavirus in a long run contact. Especially when they a long time coexist in one place, they have one toilet, they lick the fur of each other. The virus usually is by the media-cats in the intestines and can stand out with the feces. Cats ingest the virus, licking the contaminated materials or breathing in its dust.
The risk of infection increases with the number of living individuals in one place. It is crucial that one toilet shared no more than two cats. The more cats the more should be trays. Should be regularly and frequently cleaned cat trays with detergent.
The probability of getting this virus after brief contact, is negligible. He slabovrajenne. That means he has a low ability to infect. If cats did not remain near or just quickly sniffed each other, then there is the possibility of infection. Almost impossible to put a coronavirus from the street, as is often possible with other infections diseases of cats.
Coronavirus is spread on the street among cats. At this stage there is no information, what percentage of them with infection. If you want to take a kitten from the street, it is better to start with an analysis of the coronavirus.
The appearance of various symptoms, as already mentioned, depends on the severity of the virulence of the infection. If we are talking about the virus enteritis, it is characterized by symptoms of disorders of bowel function — diarrhea, sometimes vomiting, possible disorder of appetite, all these symptoms usually pass by themselves. Can be observed respiratory symptoms — watery eyes, or runny nose. Prolonged diarrhea leads to increased pathogenic properties of the virus and the crossing of the intestinal type of infection in chronic disease.
Infectious peritonitis in the early development processes may not have any vivid and specific symptoms. Quick easy fatigability cat, apathy, loss of appetite, vomiting, or diarrhea. Over time clinical symptoms become obvious features of the virus:
enhanced depression cats
mucosa is pale, appears anemia,
it may be ascites.
The more in the body of the virus, the more manifest violation of the kidneys and the liver are visible symptoms of the nervous system — convulsions, atony of the muscles.
Treatment and prevention
As it is quite unusual infection, against her could not invent a vaccine for treatment. Scientists were able to change the coronavirus so wild that it became very sensitive to high temperatures. Inside the cats body temperature is about 38.5-39, and the nose for the maintenance of cooling it a few degrees below 36-37 C. This difference is fundamentally important. The medicine should be instilled into the nose of a cat. Artificially modified virus spreads to the mucous in the nasal cavity, but in the intestines it cannot fall. It will destroy the high temperature.
Antiviral drugs, for example, makes treatment so expensive, and immunomodulators – interferons inhibit the reproduction of virus in cells, but not effective for the treatment. Antibiotics and corticosteroids can temporarily relieve symptoms, but this may not be a complete treatment. There is a possibility that the cat will recover by itself without treatment, but these are isolated cases. Good care, symptomatic treatment and pumping of ascitic fluid facilitates the occurrence of the disease in some individuals.
In the group of cats that are not infected with the infections, it is necessary to examine all new. It is advisable to be sure that the “new” cats that came from the kennels in which animals are not dangerous. Quarantine for newly admitted animals should be approximately 12 weeks, then you need to make a new check and, in case of positive result, assign treatment.
Remember that the coronavirus is not a death sentence for your pet. Cats with this diagnosis may be supported for many months, with proper care and treatment. You need not to run symptoms and during the treatment to apply. The health and life of your pet in your hands.