Physiotherapy ( gr. Physis — nature; terapeia therapy) is an area of medicine, studying effects on the human body natural or artificially produced physical factors and use them for the purpose of preservation, restoration and health promotion.
Modern physical therapy has immense variety in its physical nature, physiological action and therapeutic applications.
Depending on the types and forms of energy used, there is a huge Arsenal of therapeutic physical factors and their corresponding methods: treatment by a constant electric current (iontophoresis, galvanization), pulse currents (electrosleep, TES-therapy, diadynamic therapy, amplipulse therapy, electrical stimulation, etc.), electric and magnetic fields (UHF, inductothermy, etc.), light therapy (infrared therapy, ultraviolet radiation, laser therapy, etc.), treatment with mechanical vibrations (ultrasound therapy and phonophoresis of medicinal, etc.), etc.
The main areas of physical medicine are curative, rehabilitative and preventive. Therapeutic physical factors are used mainly in subacute and chronic course of disease, and to a lesser extent in the acute stage of diseases of therapeutic and surgical profile. Today it is difficult to find a disease in which fizioterapevticheskie might not be applicable for the benefit of patients. Physiotherapy is also used extensively at all stages of rehabilitation. In patients with neurological and orthopedic surgery physical therapy is generally considered the primary means of medical rehabilitation. Fiziologicheskogo goal areas – health improvement and prevention of human diseases through the use of physiotherapeutic factors. Continue reading
The idea of the structure of the human body, the Egyptians received from the practice of embalming, also testified about the achievements in the field of chemistry (I assume that the word “chemistry” comes from the ancient name of Egypt is “Kemet” or “Kemet” which means “Black land”).
Knowledge of the ancient Egyptians in the field of the body structure were quite high for its time and can only be compared with the achievements of Indians, with the reservation that the Egyptian texts date back to the II Millennium BC. and Indian medical treatises – the first centuries of our era.
In the middle of the II Millennium BC the ancient Egyptians described the major organs: brain, heart, vessels, kidneys, intestines, muscles, etc. However, they are not subjected them to special study, which is due, in all probability, to the influence of the dogmas of religion.
The Egyptians belongs to the first extant description of the brain. It is given in the Edwin Smith papyrus (CA. 1550 BC, is a treatise on surgery), in which the brain moves in the open wound is compared to “a boiling copper”. The ancient Egyptians noticed that brain damage causes painful condition of other parts of the body (for example, paralysis of the limbs), and thus, laid the natural-scientific ideas about the brain. Continue reading
St. John’s wort (Hypericum perforatum) is a perennial herb, St. John’s wort family (Hypericaceae). Height to meters. Has a branched rhizome. The stem is two-sided, dense.
The flowers are small, single or numerous bright yellow (Golden), with terpkovatyj, but pleasant smell, are collected in paniculate, corymbose inflorescences. Blooms in June-August. Gives the bees a lot of pollen. The leaves are opposite, dotted with translucent glands. Propagated by seeds. Seeds cylindrical, numerous, winged, small, oval, villous, or cellular. The plant has a bitter taste and balsamic odor.
In the post-Soviet space there are about 50 species. In folk medicine, along with St. John’s wort common St. John’s wort is used tetrahedral (Hypericum quadrangulum), but the healing properties and the external differences between them are insignificant. In Russia it is extended everywhere, except the far North. Grows in mixed and deciduous forests, on rocky slopes, meadows, among shrubs, prefers dry soil, above sea level rises up to 2300 m.
The name of the grass was due to the toxicity to animals, causes rasshirennoi of the pupils, vertigo and General dullness. Particularly susceptible: cattle, horses, sheep. For people slobotkin. Common names – punctured,pierced, blood grass, grass wounds of Jesus, hard hay, healer of wounds, hare blood and kovanica for his ability to paint hands red bloody color. Continue reading