egypt

Medicine and pharmacology in Ancient Egypt

The idea of the structure of the human body, the Egyptians received from the practice of embalming, also testified about the achievements in the field of chemistry (I assume that the word “chemistry” comes from the ancient name of Egypt is “Kemet” or “Kemet” which means “Black land”).

Knowledge of the ancient Egyptians in the field of the body structure were quite high for its time and can only be compared with the achievements of Indians, with the reservation that the Egyptian texts date back to the II Millennium BC. and Indian medical treatises – the first centuries of our era.

In the middle of the II Millennium BC the ancient Egyptians described the major organs: brain, heart, vessels, kidneys, intestines, muscles, etc. However, they are not subjected them to special study, which is due, in all probability, to the influence of the dogmas of religion.

The Egyptians belongs to the first extant description of the brain. It is given in the Edwin Smith papyrus (CA. 1550 BC, is a treatise on surgery), in which the brain moves in the open wound is compared to “a boiling copper”. The ancient Egyptians noticed that brain damage causes painful condition of other parts of the body (for example, paralysis of the limbs), and thus, laid the natural-scientific ideas about the brain. Continue reading

Medicinal plants

The study and application of human medicinal plants in disease control has a long history. From time immemorial all peoples of the world in search of remedies addressed to the nature surrounding them. Often the excavations are vessels used to brew herbal remedies in prehistoric times.

With the emergence of the writing people were able to consolidate and spread knowledge about medicinal plants not only through oral traditions. The narrative of medicinal flora can be found in many Nations in various ancient written monuments.

In another 4 thousand years BC in Egypt, there was a list of medicinal plants with their description and use.

The therapeutic properties of medicinal plants from ancient times were known in China. Widespread herbs found and the ancient Greeks. Among the founders of the scientific knowledge about the medicinal herbs in the first place should be called Hippocrates (460-377 BC). Hippocrates was the author of famous essays, in which were summarized all medical knowledge of the Greeks.

The use of medicinal plants in Russia, as in other countries, has a long history.

After the baptism of Rus (988) everywhere in the country powerserve and monasteries. The Church people are gathered and prepared medicinal herbs, cultivated in their monastery gardens. In the XI century when monasteries opened a hospital ward. Continue reading

The powerlessness of medicine

The medical profession is one of the three oldest. And if the representatives of the first oldest profession the society always paid in specie, our ancestor had to endure a lot. From the friendly slap on the hairy shoulder, when he successfully pulled out a splinter of hairy shoulder, or a generous reward from those who are richer, to exile from the tribe, and then the stone on the neck and the deep pit of the dungeon, the scaffold, or the hot fire, when the patient or his relatives remained unsatisfied.

For Millennium the history of doctor caused and causes to different feelings of fellow citizens and, what is especially dangerous, “the great” of this world. The mixed feelings felt by the citizens to medicine, reflected in the medieval definition of medical triftontes (three-faced). The townsfolk believed that “…the doctor has three faces: a decent man in everyday life, an angel at the bedside and the devil, when he requested the fee”. Oh, how I only liked man in the street loves to pay, the more the doctors! Therefore, the physicians have adapted. Is not this cynical “Exide dum dolor est”? So. Any action always begets reaction.

Whatever it was, but where it comes to health and life, there and control. Therefore, the control of the society for medical activity has always existed, at all stages of evolution, when all socio-economic formations, except maybe the humanoid pervobytnye. Continue reading

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