Features of cultivation of medicinal plants. Factors affecting the content of active substances in the plant.
Methods introduction and evaluation introduction the state of medicinal plants.
The task of introduction of medicinal plants, introduction of trials in Botanical gardens and scientific institutions of the Russian Federation.
Topic 9. Introduction of medicinal plants
Questions the theme:
1. The task of introduction of medicinal plants, introduction of trials in Botanical gardens and scientific institutions of the Russian Federation.
2. Methods introduction and evaluation introduction the state of medicinal plants.
3. Features of cultivation of medicinal plants. Factors affecting the content of active substances in the plant.
4. Drying and storage of medicinal plants.
5. The use of medicinal plants for the decoration of beds – beds on individual plots. Continue reading
Rhubarb is a perennial, quite voluminous herbaceous plant of the family Polygonaceae. In appearance the plant is similar to burdock, and the taste of sour Apple. It is unpretentious, accustomed in absolutely any ground conditions. In addition, it does not take much space in Your garden or summer cottage, but will bring You many benefits. The stalks of rhubarb need to be watered at least once in ten days. You should also know that the plant was poorly stored, so try to use it as soon as possible. In addition, it is not recommended to store raw materials in iron and copper containers.
Maturation of rhubarb is in early spring, exactly the time when the human body needs vitamins. And then the plant will be more than ever.
Harvesting of medicinal raw materials
In folk medicine used mainly the root of the plant. Do not use too young roots, wait a couple of years. More useful will be the plant that is not less than four years. Procure raw materials recommended in late summer, early autumn period. It is not advisable to apply for therapeutic purposes, the roots were collected in November or even later. The later You decide to collect the roots of plants, the greater the likelihood that it already does not have great medicinal properties. Continue reading
St. John’s wort (Hypericum perforatum) is a perennial herb, St. John’s wort family (Hypericaceae). Height to meters. Has a branched rhizome. The stem is two-sided, dense.
The flowers are small, single or numerous bright yellow (Golden), with terpkovatyj, but pleasant smell, are collected in paniculate, corymbose inflorescences. Blooms in June-August. Gives the bees a lot of pollen. The leaves are opposite, dotted with translucent glands. Propagated by seeds. Seeds cylindrical, numerous, winged, small, oval, villous, or cellular. The plant has a bitter taste and balsamic odor.
In the post-Soviet space there are about 50 species. In folk medicine, along with St. John’s wort common St. John’s wort is used tetrahedral (Hypericum quadrangulum), but the healing properties and the external differences between them are insignificant. In Russia it is extended everywhere, except the far North. Grows in mixed and deciduous forests, on rocky slopes, meadows, among shrubs, prefers dry soil, above sea level rises up to 2300 m.
The name of the grass was due to the toxicity to animals, causes rasshirennoi of the pupils, vertigo and General dullness. Particularly susceptible: cattle, horses, sheep. For people slobotkin. Common names – punctured,pierced, blood grass, grass wounds of Jesus, hard hay, healer of wounds, hare blood and kovanica for his ability to paint hands red bloody color. Continue reading