Cultivated cousin of amaranth, amaranth, was known in South America several thousand years ago. The ancient peoples valued it as gold, and he was not only the main grain crop, but a cult plant. In ancient Greece the amaranth served as the emblem of immortality.
Amaranth (Amaranthus) of the amaranth family, or never-fading flower, his second name was for the fact that really never fades: in the form of its dried inflorescences can stand all winter in a vase, for which it is also called “winter people”.
Amaranth is an extraordinary flower. Decorative form of this plant was introduced to Europe in 1596. In the mountainous areas of India and Nepal, amaranth seeds cooked a special dish, which was the only permissible food.
In our country the amaranth brought N. And.Vavilov. It was the upturned amaranth (Amaranthus retroflexus), common or amaranth. Amaranth is known as a pernicious weed, on the one hand, and as one of the best forage crops, on the other. On the territory of Russia there are 15 species of amaranths.
There are about 90 species of amaranths, common in tropical and subtropical areas of America, Africa and Asia. Annuals, rarely perennial trojanstrasse with powerful, erect, branched, succulent stems up to 180 cm tall. Continue reading
Features of cultivation of medicinal plants. Factors affecting the content of active substances in the plant.
Methods introduction and evaluation introduction the state of medicinal plants.
The task of introduction of medicinal plants, introduction of trials in Botanical gardens and scientific institutions of the Russian Federation.
Topic 9. Introduction of medicinal plants
Questions the theme:
1. The task of introduction of medicinal plants, introduction of trials in Botanical gardens and scientific institutions of the Russian Federation.
2. Methods introduction and evaluation introduction the state of medicinal plants.
3. Features of cultivation of medicinal plants. Factors affecting the content of active substances in the plant.
4. Drying and storage of medicinal plants.
5. The use of medicinal plants for the decoration of beds – beds on individual plots. Continue reading
World of plants – the greatest miracle of nature, the realm of beauty and healing our wealth. In the structure of the biosphere the entire animal world can be considered as the consuming organs, and vegetable – as energostrategia producing. Thus, the role of plants in human life is difficult to overestimate. In General it is a powerful component of physical and mental health of humans and animals. It is known that since ancient times plants were used as therapeutic and prophylactic agents. For thousands of years in every region of the selected plants for these purposes, created a healing and preventive recipes (India, Tibet, China, Mongolia).
The interest in medicinal plants and preparations from them is determined by the entire lifestyle of humanity. The harmful effects of chemicals found in the environment, synthetic drugs, to which man is not adapted evolutionary, chemical food additives lead to allergic diseases.
In connection with the above, it is highly relevant to the issues of resource discovery and extraction of these drugs, possessing tonic, adaptive, antioxidant and other activities. They are necessary for rehabilitation, prevention, protection from stress, for correction of some physiological functions in Oncology, geriatrie etc. As shown by experimental studies, many of medicinal plants used in folk medicine for allergic conditions, have a pronounced antihistamine activity, such as the common cowberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea) . Essential oils and terpenoid fractions of wild rosemary (Ledum palustre) in acute inflammatory conditions hinder the development of vascular abnormalities and associated exudative phenomena. Continue reading