Physiotherapy ( gr. Physis — nature; terapeia therapy) is an area of medicine, studying effects on the human body natural or artificially produced physical factors and use them for the purpose of preservation, restoration and health promotion.
Modern physical therapy has immense variety in its physical nature, physiological action and therapeutic applications.
Depending on the types and forms of energy used, there is a huge Arsenal of therapeutic physical factors and their corresponding methods: treatment by a constant electric current (iontophoresis, galvanization), pulse currents (electrosleep, TES-therapy, diadynamic therapy, amplipulse therapy, electrical stimulation, etc.), electric and magnetic fields (UHF, inductothermy, etc.), light therapy (infrared therapy, ultraviolet radiation, laser therapy, etc.), treatment with mechanical vibrations (ultrasound therapy and phonophoresis of medicinal, etc.), etc.
The main areas of physical medicine are curative, rehabilitative and preventive. Therapeutic physical factors are used mainly in subacute and chronic course of disease, and to a lesser extent in the acute stage of diseases of therapeutic and surgical profile. Today it is difficult to find a disease in which fizioterapevticheskie might not be applicable for the benefit of patients. Physiotherapy is also used extensively at all stages of rehabilitation. In patients with neurological and orthopedic surgery physical therapy is generally considered the primary means of medical rehabilitation. Fiziologicheskogo goal areas – health improvement and prevention of human diseases through the use of physiotherapeutic factors. Continue reading
Traditional Chinese medicine is in some aspects similar to the European one, but there are radical differences. Analog of pharmaceuticals in the European sense of Chinese medicine is a herbal medicine – natural (natural) drugs of animal and plant lineages.
Surgery, in a sense, replaces therapeutic massage (although it usually has a therapeutic effect).
The most significant difference between traditional Chinese medicine from a Western analogy is the frequent use of acupuncture, in relation to the points of the “motion of life energy”. Sometimes, Chinese medicine is perceived as a separate activity – acupuncture and acupuncture. The truth is, similar treatment of European medicine did not know until the direction of reflexology.
From all these parts of traditional medicine of China, the least mistrust, on the part of the West, exposed section of phytotherapy. It is likely that this is due to the mechanism of action of herbal medicines, more understandable, as natural products were used in Europe much earlier synthetic medicines.
Traditional Chinese and other alternative medicine
Sometimes the concepts of “traditional” and “popular” when it comes to medicine confused. Most importantly their razlichie that the second has any written sources (descriptions, instructions, recipes, treatises, collections), and folk medicine lives in the oral tradition of knowledge. Written sources convey the methods and formulations to more accurately and fully. Continue reading
The idea of the structure of the human body, the Egyptians received from the practice of embalming, also testified about the achievements in the field of chemistry (I assume that the word “chemistry” comes from the ancient name of Egypt is “Kemet” or “Kemet” which means “Black land”).
Knowledge of the ancient Egyptians in the field of the body structure were quite high for its time and can only be compared with the achievements of Indians, with the reservation that the Egyptian texts date back to the II Millennium BC. and Indian medical treatises – the first centuries of our era.
In the middle of the II Millennium BC the ancient Egyptians described the major organs: brain, heart, vessels, kidneys, intestines, muscles, etc. However, they are not subjected them to special study, which is due, in all probability, to the influence of the dogmas of religion.
The Egyptians belongs to the first extant description of the brain. It is given in the Edwin Smith papyrus (CA. 1550 BC, is a treatise on surgery), in which the brain moves in the open wound is compared to “a boiling copper”. The ancient Egyptians noticed that brain damage causes painful condition of other parts of the body (for example, paralysis of the limbs), and thus, laid the natural-scientific ideas about the brain. Continue reading