The study and application of human medicinal plants in disease control has a long history. From time immemorial all peoples of the world in search of remedies addressed to the nature surrounding them. Often the excavations are vessels used to brew herbal remedies in prehistoric times.
With the emergence of the writing people were able to consolidate and spread knowledge about medicinal plants not only through oral traditions. The narrative of medicinal flora can be found in many Nations in various ancient written monuments.
In another 4 thousand years BC in Egypt, there was a list of medicinal plants with their description and use.
The therapeutic properties of medicinal plants from ancient times were known in China. Widespread herbs found and the ancient Greeks. Among the founders of the scientific knowledge about the medicinal herbs in the first place should be called Hippocrates (460-377 BC). Hippocrates was the author of famous essays, in which were summarized all medical knowledge of the Greeks.
The use of medicinal plants in Russia, as in other countries, has a long history.
After the baptism of Rus (988) everywhere in the country powerserve and monasteries. The Church people are gathered and prepared medicinal herbs, cultivated in their monastery gardens. In the XI century when monasteries opened a hospital ward. Continue reading
The history of Chinese medicine, based on documentary data, has 4,000 years history, but in fact it originated much earlier.
Traditional Chinese medicine, Wushu, acupuncture, systematic knowledge and discernment of the many symptoms of hundreds of diseases, the use for medicinal purposes of snake venom and the secretions of lizards has become a real discovery for the civilized world. Its rich heritage still not fully utilized and unexplored – but the undoubted high efficiency and accuracy. Our time has come more than 8 thousand treatises on medicine. The oldest of them, “Huang di nazzi” (medical encyclopedia Huang di), was written by several generations of nameless authors in the years 475-221 BC, in the form of dialogues mythical physician Qi Bo by ancient Chinese ancestor, the Yellow Emperor Huang di. The treatise consists of 18 volumes, over 140 thousand characters.
We are talking about the Emperor Huang di, who ruled in the basin of the yellow river in the XXVI century BC, 2592 BC so this figure is quite real. The arrival of Huang di and his assistants has resulted in the “great glow of lightning, girded JI star in the constellation of the Dipper (URSA major)
Huang di and his team taught people how to make boats, harnesses for oxen, digging wells, manufacturing musical instruments, to build defensive walls, to be treated by acupuncture, keep a calendar. Continue reading
The medical profession is one of the three oldest. And if the representatives of the first oldest profession the society always paid in specie, our ancestor had to endure a lot. From the friendly slap on the hairy shoulder, when he successfully pulled out a splinter of hairy shoulder, or a generous reward from those who are richer, to exile from the tribe, and then the stone on the neck and the deep pit of the dungeon, the scaffold, or the hot fire, when the patient or his relatives remained unsatisfied.
For Millennium the history of doctor caused and causes to different feelings of fellow citizens and, what is especially dangerous, “the great” of this world. The mixed feelings felt by the citizens to medicine, reflected in the medieval definition of medical triftontes (three-faced). The townsfolk believed that “…the doctor has three faces: a decent man in everyday life, an angel at the bedside and the devil, when he requested the fee”. Oh, how I only liked man in the street loves to pay, the more the doctors! Therefore, the physicians have adapted. Is not this cynical “Exide dum dolor est”? So. Any action always begets reaction.
Whatever it was, but where it comes to health and life, there and control. Therefore, the control of the society for medical activity has always existed, at all stages of evolution, when all socio-economic formations, except maybe the humanoid pervobytnye. Continue reading