Major medicinal plants of the Far East
World of plants – the greatest miracle of nature, the realm of beauty and healing our wealth. In the structure of the biosphere the entire animal world can be considered as the consuming organs, and vegetable – as energostrategia producing. Thus, the role of plants in human life is difficult to overestimate. In General it is a powerful component of physical and mental health of humans and animals. It is known that since ancient times plants were used as therapeutic and prophylactic agents. For thousands of years in every region of the selected plants for these purposes, created a healing and preventive recipes (India, Tibet, China, Mongolia).
The interest in medicinal plants and preparations from them is determined by the entire lifestyle of humanity. The harmful effects of chemicals found in the environment, synthetic drugs, to which man is not adapted evolutionary, chemical food additives lead to allergic diseases.
In connection with the above, it is highly relevant to the issues of resource discovery and extraction of these drugs, possessing tonic, adaptive, antioxidant and other activities. They are necessary for rehabilitation, prevention, protection from stress, for correction of some physiological functions in Oncology, geriatrie etc. As shown by experimental studies, many of medicinal plants used in folk medicine for allergic conditions, have a pronounced antihistamine activity, such as the common cowberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea) . Essential oils and terpenoid fractions of wild rosemary (Ledum palustre) in acute inflammatory conditions hinder the development of vascular abnormalities and associated exudative phenomena.
In the course of evolution plants have changed and adapted to specific conditions of habitat, climate, solar and space effects. As a result, they accumulated environmental and biochemical information, including biologically active substances (BAS) required for a private life and, as it turned out, for humans and animals. Despite active development in recent times, the pharmaceutical and chemical industries, creation of new highly effective medicinal preparations, medicinal herbs continue to occupy an important place in the Arsenal of therapeutic agents. Particularly often they are used in the home.
The richness and diversity of far Eastern flora was delighted with her researchers. Particularly impressive is the vegetable Kingdom the southern part of the Far East. Untouched by glaciation, it is a strange mixture of evolutionary young and very old, relict plants that grew here millions of years ago, in epohu the lower Cretaceous. Striking in close proximity North and South, the taiga and steppe species. Diverse and vital forms of plants, trees. shrubs, shrubs, annual and perennial herbs and woody lianas, climbing to a height of over 20 meters.
A special place in far East flora are plants with medicinal svoistvami From more than 2 thousand species growing in Primorye and Priamurie . more than half are medicinal. Among them are globally acclaimed, and plants used only by the local population. The species is common and growing in the European part of Russia is celandine, wild rosemary, sweet flag. Other plants – Lily of the valley Kaske, poplar motherwort, Valerian Amur and Korean inherent only in our region, however, being closely related to European species, they have similar chemical composition and application. We have a lot of plants that have no analogues in vegetation other regions of our country. These include all of the Araliaceae family, representatives of which are found only in the far East, with the exception of ivy, growing in Western parts of the country. Finally, you can often find plants that are not indigenous to the vegetation of the southern Far East; they appeared here only due to man. This and all the familiar oregano, and sea buckthorn.
Currently medicinal plants are widely used in medicine, veterinary medicine and food industry as food additives. Drugs from plants are prescribed for the treatment of various diseases of the cardiovascular, digestive, broncho-pulmonary system and other diseases. They are also used for prevention of digestive disorders, vitamin deficiencies, disorders of metabolism and in the complex treatment of various diseases.
There were a variety of food additives, which are different to extract active ingredients or simply the crushed plant.
The advantage of medicinal plants are their low toxicity and the possibility of prolonged use without significant side effects. In functional disorders and in milder forms of pathology for maintenance therapy, preference should be given to medicinal plants.
Medicinal plants – the oldest and does not entirely filled the Treasury of drugs and industrial raw materials. Because about half of all pharmacists of medicines are derived from plants. Memorable and today is the aphorism of the ancient healers: “the physician has three guns – a word, a plant and a knife” .