The study and application of human medicinal plants in disease control has a long history. From time immemorial all peoples of the world in search of remedies addressed to the nature surrounding them. Often the excavations are vessels used to brew herbal remedies in prehistoric times.
With the emergence of the writing people were able to consolidate and spread knowledge about medicinal plants not only through oral traditions. The narrative of medicinal flora can be found in many Nations in various ancient written monuments.
In another 4 thousand years BC in Egypt, there was a list of medicinal plants with their description and use.
The therapeutic properties of medicinal plants from ancient times were known in China. Widespread herbs found and the ancient Greeks. Among the founders of the scientific knowledge about the medicinal herbs in the first place should be called Hippocrates (460-377 BC). Hippocrates was the author of famous essays, in which were summarized all medical knowledge of the Greeks.
The use of medicinal plants in Russia, as in other countries, has a long history.
After the baptism of Rus (988) everywhere in the country powerserve and monasteries. The Church people are gathered and prepared medicinal herbs, cultivated in their monastery gardens. In the XI century when monasteries opened a hospital ward.
In the XVI century a wide spread in Russia got cures, herbalists, vineyard. These books are of interest to this day.
In many cities of Russia there was “zeleynaya shop.” Their owners picking herbs and made tinctures and decoctions, and sold in their shops medicinal herbs and prepared medicines.
Under Ivan the terrible in Moscow was organized the first court pharmacy.
The study and use of medicinal herbs has been further developed under Peter I. During his reign that the harvesting of wild plants was carried out on a large scale, and in 1701 issued a decree on the opening of pharmacies.
The known domestic researcher of medicinal plants has been a student of M. V. Lomonosov, academician I. I. Lepekhin (1740-1802). Fruitful in the field of medicinal plant cultivation was the work of the founder of Russian agricultural science A. T. Bolotov (1738-1833). Not lost their importance up to the present day “Botanical dictionary” N. And. Annenkov (1859).
During the years of Soviet power the scientists and engineers of our country published many monographs on medicinal plants.
Currently in medicine for therapeutic purposes using a large number of medicinal plants. They are used not only in “pristine form,” but also as various kinds of preparations produced in the chemical and pharmaceutical industry.
From generation to generation passed on knowledge about the medicinal properties of plants, methods of their use. Imagine how valuable this experience, tried and tested for years. We hope that this conversation will allow you to learn more about the healing features of the surrounding plants.
Let’s start our story with oregano . Translated from Latin origanum means “to rejoice”. It turns a mountain of grass, brings joy. Vintage Russian names oregano: ducky, amulet, dushmanta, brass color, and its modern name – draw our attention to the most noticeable in this plant is its smell.
The oregano flowers are small, purple-pink, collected in a spreading panicle. Blooms in July – September. Found on forest edges, glades, meadows, among shrubs in river valleys in the forest and steppe zones.
Of its use of oregano in medicine? Infusion of herbs drink to improve the appetite, as it promotes the secretion of gastric juice, improve digestion. Reception broth inside eliminates halitosis, acts anti-inflammatory for gastritis, inflammation of the esophagus, in disorders of the Central nervous system, insomnia. The plant has anti-inflammatory, soothing, antibacterial, hemostatic, diaphoretic, antispasmodic, emollient properties.
Externally the decoction of the plant in the form of lotions, compresses are applied if inflammation of the lymph nodes, allergies, abscesses, boils, wounds, diaper rash. When diathesis, rashes, scrofula, rickets do baths and lotions. Broth oregano wash your hair, it strengthens hair. Oregano is used to treat and also in the training camp, you will learn about books that are available in the library.
Mother and stepmother is a perennial herbaceous plant (family Asteraceae) height of 10-25 cm with a creeping branched rhizome. Latin name mother farfara means “cough away”. And in German it is called “hoof salad”, because, first, its unopened buds and leaves are edible, and secondly, the shape of the sheet is a bit like the trace of the Hoop.
In Central Russia this is the first blooming in the spring grass. Should go snow, and in a few days, thawed it lights up bright yellow baskets. Fructiferous mother and stepmother like a dandelion.
This plant blooms before leaves, which will appear much later. Young leaf mother and stepmother both sides covered with thick white felt. With the growth of the sheet, with the top side of the felt flies off, revealing the dark green surface, and the bottom remains white fluffy layer. Hence the name – fluffy warm side of the mother, smooth and cold stepmother.
This plant has long been used in medicine. The leaves mother and stepmother contain vitamins, bitterness, significant amounts of mucus. All these substances have a beneficial effect in inflammatory processes in the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract.
Also, the infusion of mother and stepmother – a good remedy for colds, hoarseness, lung diseases, bronchitis, asthma, pneumonia, influenza, pulmonary tuberculosis, asthma. Often the mother-and-stepmother is appointed as a wound healing agent in the treatment of boils and inflammatory skin diseases.
Mother and stepmother used in the form of powder, infusions, decoctions and fees with other plants. Infusions better to drink with honey or raspberry jam. Swabs from the juice and leaves are applied to corns.
The following medicinal plant, about which speech will go, – dandelion . It is a perennial herb with a fleshy taproot, with a length of 20-50 cm the Dandelion belongs to the family Asteraceae. The fruit is a fusiform grayish-brown achene is 3-5 mm long, with Pappus of soft white hairs (called particles). Dandelion is distributed almost throughout the country. Drug use has, mainly, the roots of the plant, less the roots with a rosette of basal leaves. In folk medicine is widely used and dandelion leaf. That’s what the dandelion told the author of the book “legends of flowers” S. Krasikov: “Dandelion is a very interesting flower. Waking up in the spring, he carefully looked around himself and saw the sun that noticed the dandelion and highlighted it in yellow ray. Turned yellow dandelion and so fond of the light that does not give him an enthusiastic look. The sun rises in the East – the dandelion looks to the East, will rise to the Zenith – dandelion will raise its head up, closer to the sunset – dandelion watching sunset view. And so a lifetime, until your hair turns gray. And will make children grey-headed, fluff – and fly in the wind a feather-little parachutes of seeds, will see a good clearing down the grain will hide in any indentation and will lie until spring.”