The preparation and use of medicinal drugs
Purchased from the pharmacy or self-harvested vegetable raw materials at home you can prepare only those medicaments that does not require special equipment.
Preparation of raw materials: Raw materials must be ground, as small particles of active substances are extracted faster and more completely. Leaves, grass and bark can be cut with scissors; roots and rhizomes – a knife or crush in a mortar; fruits and seeds on the ground resembles or leave whole.
Integral parts of medicinal mixtures are ground separately and then measure them in the amount indicated in the recipe and mix on a sheet of paper or in a glass jar until a uniform mixture
Preparation: For the preparation of pharmaceutical preparations hot should only be used enamel, glass, porcelain or ceramic dishes, which must tightly closed lid. It should be remembered that aluminum and other metal cookware to cook grass cannot avoid reaction with metellus!
For straining of ready-made preparations should be used folded in several layers of gauze, wrapped in a layer of cotton gauze or loose cotton cloth.
Methods for preparing the most common in narodnozabavni drugs:
Juices are the most rational means in most cases medicinal plants.
Juice obtained from fresh plant with the help of a grater, grinder or juicer. If the SAP has an irritant effect, then added 1-2 teaspoons of honey (rice broth or jelly).
Infusions – aqueous extracts from those parts of plants that are relatively easy to give the active substance (flowers, grass, leaves, fruits).
The infusion is prepared from the dried and crushed plant parts, weighed the number of which is placed in enameled pots, fill in with boiled water and bring to a boil. Boil on weak fire of 10-15 minutes. Insist at least 45 minutes, after complete cooling was filtered, the remaining vegetable mass is squeezed and add water until the desired quantity of the infusion.
A more convenient method of preparing the tincture by using a thermos: 1-2 tablespoons of raw in the evening pour into a thermos, pour two cups of boiling water and leave overnight. The next day, take the strained infusion in 3-4 divided doses in the form of heat. Store the infusion in a thermos no more than a day!
Decoctions – water extract of those parts of plants that are bad give the active substances and have a rough texture (bark, roots, tubers, rough leaves), requiring a longer heat treatment.
Decoctions: a dose of powdered raw materials placed in enameled pots, pour water and boil on low heat for 20-30 minutes, cool 10 minutes. After filtration of the decoction and extraction of plant mass, liquid volume boiling water is adjusted to the original volume. Decoction and infusion take in the form of heat and stored in the refrigerator no more than two days.
For external use of infusions and decoctions prepared from double or triple dose of vegetable raw materials:
Tincture – a liquid dosage form, where the extractor acts 40-70 % alcohol.
Tincture: chopped raw material is placed into the bottle, pour the appropriate amount of 40 alcohol or vodka, sealed and kept at room temperature for 7-10 days. Then the infusion is poured, the remnants of raw materials carefully squeezed and filtered. Most of the plants of the tincture prepared in the ratio of 1:10 (1 part of plant raw materials and 10 parts of alcohol or vodka 400). Tinctures stored for a long time and are dosed usually 10-30 drops per reception.
A couple of cook from the least rough parts of plants (flowers, grass, leaves, fruits).
The method of preparation is the same as decoctions, but the raw material should not pour cold water, but boiling water and a night float (simmer) in gradually cooling down the oven. Napar morning filtered, warmed and drunk as a decoction.
The extracts are prepared by evaporation in a sealed container for infusions or decoctions, often to half the original volume, therefore more concentrated.
Shelf life of extracts is slightly longer than infusions or decoctions. Extracts prepared from tinctures by removal by evaporation of part of the alcohol. Prescribe extracts drops.
Powders – dry bulk solid dosage forms. Prepare them by grinding the raw materials in a mortar.
The following types of powders:
– the smallest – used for dusting wounds, ulcers, etc.;
– small – for internal use;
big is also taken orally.
Ointment – external funds received by mixing finely ground parts of plants with ointment bases: vaseline, lanolin, fresh pork fat, butter or oil. Ointment on vegetable oil (sunflower, cottonseed, linseed or some other) or mineral oils are better preserved.
Pasta is a type of ointments containing 25% or more powdery substances. Often in compounds composed of starches. Pasta unlike ointments, more solid consistency and longer hold.
Drug charges . Treatment of multi-component drug charges, as a rule, more effectively than single plants.
Medicinal remedies prepared from plants, have multilateral action on the human body, which justifies the use of the same herbs for treatment of various diseases.
Note: to Include unwanted side effects of medicinal herbs may only doctor after a thorough examination of the patient.
Drug charges can be up to several tens of plants, but most often three to seven components.
There are different recommendations for using drug charges. In case of chronic diseases the drug is usually taken for one month next 5 to 10 – day intervals or within two or three months and subsequent two-week or month break. If necessary continuously to make the collection within two to three months it is advisable to have three or four collection of different plants of the same direction of impact on the body and, to avoid habituation to them, alternating each collection, changing after every 10 -15 days during a specified period and then take a break.
Usually in the treatment of medicinal plants improvement occurs after a few days, but lasting results can be achieved only with prolonged (at least six months) and regular use of herbs. The lack of positive effect within two to three weeks is usually the reason for replacement fee.
Treatment charges must identify the attending physician with constant monitoring of the health of the patient.
In compiling the collection is necessary to consider the individual characteristics of the patient and presence of concomitant diseases:
Need to know the blood pressure and the General tendency of its change. For example in the preparation of the collection for a patient with cholecystitis with hypertension in the collection include plants not only choleretic, and hypotensive action, otherwise the treatment may provoke a hypertensive crisis, worsen the overall condition.
You should consider the tendency to constipation or diarrhea and include raw laxative or binding activities.Some plants act on the uterine musculature and can be dangerous for pregnant women.
Herbal preparations and remedies not recommended during menstruation.
Part of herbal remedies may cause allergic reaction. In these cases it is necessary to start with 2 components -3 and 5-7 days to add to the collection of one plant, to identify the allergen.