Traditional Chinese medicine
Traditional Chinese medicine is in some aspects similar to the European one, but there are radical differences. Analog of pharmaceuticals in the European sense of Chinese medicine is a herbal medicine – natural (natural) drugs of animal and plant lineages.
Surgery, in a sense, replaces therapeutic massage (although it usually has a therapeutic effect).
The most significant difference between traditional Chinese medicine from a Western analogy is the frequent use of acupuncture, in relation to the points of the “motion of life energy”. Sometimes, Chinese medicine is perceived as a separate activity – acupuncture and acupuncture. The truth is, similar treatment of European medicine did not know until the direction of reflexology.
From all these parts of traditional medicine of China, the least mistrust, on the part of the West, exposed section of phytotherapy. It is likely that this is due to the mechanism of action of herbal medicines, more understandable, as natural products were used in Europe much earlier synthetic medicines.
Traditional Chinese and other alternative medicine
Sometimes the concepts of “traditional” and “popular” when it comes to medicine confused. Most importantly their razlichie that the second has any written sources (descriptions, instructions, recipes, treatises, collections), and folk medicine lives in the oral tradition of knowledge. Written sources convey the methods and formulations to more accurately and fully.
Traditional medicine in different countries evolved in parallel with the emergence and development of statehood and culture of the peoples often were brought in elements of philosophy and religious knowledge and teachings.
Traditional medicine of China is one of the oldest medicines in the world. Naturally, this is due to the remoteness of the emergence of the Chinese civilization, whose philosophical Foundation is Taoism.
Conceptual approach to modern medicine, as a science, is to know the structure, the individual parts of the body and all internal organs. Consequently, diseases are considered as a wrong internal organs. Traditional Chinese medicine involves the interaction of the human body as a whole, and its organs individually, with the outside world. The disease is considered a violation and the change in the balance of this interaction.
In a separate category usually attributed to Tibetan medicine. However Tibet as the cradle of knowledge about healing, for many centuries was and is a part of China, which has evolved a different culture, this also applies to the art of medicine.
Licensing and control
Because of the increasing prevalence of Chinese medicine around the world – improved control and a different kind of supervision. For example: in Canada organised the Supervisory Board, which included doctors, officials and representatives of public organizations. Twice a year he will review the development conditions, trends and many other questions the spread of Chinese medicine in the country.
Of all the destinations available in Chinese medicine, to Russia, to a greater extent penetrate the medicinal preparations based on vegetable raw materials for phytotherapy. The most famous of them is the ginseng.
Acupuncture is slowly being introduced, usually in the form of cabinets of acupuncture within the framework of Oriental medicine clinics in the large cities. It is also possible to encounter Chinese therapeutic massage.
Licensing of hospitals and medical centers Chinese medicine differs from the actions of licensing authorities, akkreditovyvalisj medical institutions of modern medicine. Activities in accordance with the decrees of the Ministry of health of the Russian Federation, are specified by a list: traditional diagnosis, acupuncture, acupuncture etc.
Diagnosis and treatment
The diagnosis of diseases and their treatment in the medicine of China is based on the theory about Qi, the two primordial entities: the Yin and Yang and the so-called five elements. Thus, the concept of “energy” in relation to Qi, has a fairly conventional nature and does not reflect its essence, existing only hypothetically in the absence of more or less tolerable evidence. The theory about Yin and Yang is based on the fact that any phenomenon is ambiguous and has two sides. The same applies to the processes in every human body. The hypothesis about the five elements assumes that every phenomenon in life can be evenly decomposed into five elements. According to the theoretical foundations of Chinese medicine, parts of the human body have a very good and close mutual organic connection. And if within the same body of man is manifested the disease, you should pay attention to the relationship with other bodies.
Treatment should be a holistic approach. Diagnosing diseases according to the canons of Chinese medicine, we conducted six ways, including: inspection (including language), questioning, palpation (palpation), hearing the sounds of the body (similar to usual panendoscopy), the study of smells, measurement of heart rate.
Western, Chinese and integrative medicine
In European and American countries, Chinese medicine is perceived as an alternative or complementary form of medicine. Sometimes it is taken for the eccentricity, comparing with the huge advances in modern medicine, based on scientific knowledge and research.
In the countries of Vostocho Asian region, came under the cultural influence of China, there is no clear distinction between modern and traditional medicine.
The weakness of Chinese medicine has been and remains the lack of research has documented the effectiveness of various methods of treatment. A few thousand years treatment it was based on skill, intuitive moments and art of a particular doctor. And only now it goes smoothly on the scientific rails. In Chinese universities, created for the specialization of Chinese medicine, training and extensive research.Chinese and European medical schools have in common is that they take health as a normal and stable condition of the body.
The fundamental difference is that Western medicine proves the disease, such as invading cells or organisms, such as viruses, bacteria, cancer cells and many others. Chinese medicine for the cause of the disease takes a balance of body systems.Specialization modern and emerging biomedical science increasingly leads to the “loss” of the organism as a whole. Meanwhile, in the Chinese tradition, bodies are understood only in close connection with some other parts of the body. This trend brings medicine to the theory of the presence of functional systems, which was first expressed by Soviet academician P. K. Anokhin.
Regarding methods of treatment in traditional medicine of China, there is this approach: any food, in principle, can be a cure, but the body must properly dispose of it. Among Chinese doctors is not accepted the division of drugs for medicines, dietary Supplements and antibiotics. Any grass, body part animal or mineral, can be a medication at a certain dosage based on individual characteristics of the human body. In Western civilization the food and medicine separated.
The current Minister of health people’s Republic of China, Chen Zhu believes that the medical scientists have a duty to remove the barriers between Chinese and Western medicine to create a new medicine – the medicine of the twenty-first century, which would combine the undeniable merits of both systems and which would be the better of them, taken individually.